The Iranians have been awake for Yalda’s night, the last night of autumn, which is the longest and darkest night of the year, until dawn, and they are entertaining alongside each other so the grief of the absence of the sun and the darkness do not undermine their spirits, and with the brightness of the sky they go to bed and sleep a little. The Iranian ancestors spended the night until the morning around the fire and ate fruits such as melon, watermelon, pomegranate, apple, persimmon.
One of the special tradition of Yalda Night is omens of Hafez. If Yalda’s traditions and customs were inherited from the culture of a few thousand years, but omens of Hafez has been added to the Yalda’s custom in the few centuries. Shahnameh khani and grandfather storytelling around the Korsi (is a type of low table found in Iran, with a heater underneath it, and blankets thrown over it. It is a traditional item of furniture in Iranian culture.).For young people is also a Yalda ritual that provides memories of sweets for their adulthood.
Watermelon is a reminder of the heat of the summer and the heat of the sun. In the past people believe that if you eat some watermelon in the Yalda night, throughout the winter, cold will not overcome you, and this belief is consistent with the properties of the watermelon that is rich in vitamins A and B and C. Watermelons also eat in the form of circular skices, therefore is a reminder of the heat of the summer and the quenching of thirst.
This fruit on the Yalda symbolizes happiness and birth. Pomegranate is a blood making fruit and it is recommended for those who are pale and weak drink pomegranate juice. This strengthens immune system, enhances the energy and purifies the blood and give beauty and freshness to who drink pomegranate juice the pomegranate juice; therefore, pomegranate is a symbol of birth and joy.
Yalda’s nuts include pistachios, almonds, hazelnuts and walnuts, and in some areas dried fruits are also used as Yalda nuts. The seeds of nuts are rich in calories, vitamins and minerals, and do not allow people to crumble, lose their hair, become depressed or lose their eyesight. There are, of course provided that didnt consume nuch and not too salty because causes obesity and weight gain.
The Yalda tablecloth was called “Myazd”, and includes the dried fruits and nuts or the so-called Zoroastrians, “Lork”, which was the item of this celebration, and in the honor of “Ormazd” and ” Mehr “or the sun was held. The tablecloth had a religious aspect and was holy and demanded from the Sun gods, brightness and blessing to enjoy the winter, and the contents of the tablecloth were a symbol for having full of bless spring and summer.