The eighth Imam of the Shia, Imam Ali ibn Musa Reza was martyred by the Abbasid Caliph, Ma’mun in 203 AH. According to historical resources, the place where the body of Imam Reza was buried is originally a small village called Sanabad, located on the margin of the Tous city.
Thanks to the presence of the Imam Reza, from this small village a city around the shrine of Imam Reza was built that today is known as Mashhad-Al Reza, and the Tous city located on the margin. The Holy shrine of Razavi is considered to be the most important historical and religious monument of Islamic Iran.
Every year more than 20 million pilgrims and tourists from around the country and the world for pilgrimage travel to Mashhad.
This cultural and historical complex is one of the most important religious buildings of Muslims after the Al Haram Mosque and Al-Nabi Mosque of Saudi Arabia. “Mashhad” stands for Mashhad Al Reza, the site of the martyrdom of Imam Reza.
This city has always been respected as a religious city, but after the Islamic Revolution, the holy city of Mashhad was considered as the most important pilgrimage hub of Iran. And cultural facilities, welfare and services had a dramatic expansion.
The shrine of Imam Reza including burial ground of Imam Reza and its surrounding buildings in the city of Mashhad in the Islamic Republic of Iran. These buildings consist of a shrine, a dome, minarets, aprons, porches and gates.