Iran is a vast country with geographically special features and very different climate. Looking at the climate of various Iranian cities, this variability can be seen. Iran is a relatively high land. As its height from the sea level is more than 1000 meters on average. This high land is separated from the west and southwest by a series of high and parallel mountains from the dry and wet areas of Iraq, and in the north and northeast by a series of higher mountains, the Caucasus and the Caspian basin, and dry and grasslands of Turkmenistan In the east and south-east, the lower mountains, whose continuity with each other is far less than the northern and western mountains, separates Iran from its eastern neighbors. Along the coasts of the Oman Sea and the Persian Gulf, there are several parallel mountain ranges gradually rising above their heights, the peaks of which reach the maximum in Kerman and the northwest of Fars province, joining the Zagros Mountains.
The northern and western mountain range and the central and eastern mountain range with its plains and valleys and low latitudes make less than two thirds of the country’s total area. The rest of the country’s land is formed by low-altitude and low areas, which can be considered as triangular in the cities of Bam, Sabzevar and Qom.
Iran is divided into several provinces which divided into counties and in each county has some division and each division into several districts. The capital city called Paytakht, the center of each province called Markaze ostan, the center of each city called Markaze shahrestan, the center of each district called Markaze bakhsh and the center of each district called Markaze dehestan. For accurate information about cities and villages, just use the map of Iran. By having a map of Iran, you will be able to see all the routes that lead to the cities and villages of the country, and thus select the shortest route to reach your desired destination. Click here to see the full map of Iran.