Lonely planet, Iran
Iran country is located in the center of famous Iran plateau and western area of wide Asia continent, in a area that now it is famous to Middle East. Ancient and historical works of Iran return to over 4000 years ago. Iran was recognized in the name of Persia in the world in international relations and occasions until 1934. Nevertheless, before that, also it can be said that four names have used for Iran country according to historical documents, events, coincidence, oral culture, archaeologist and linguistics discoveries.
Iran has been placed in the center of Middle East and joins Caspian Sea (namely more beautiful world lake) to Persian Gulf like a bridge and is also joint of cultural, spiritual and politic manifestations of the east and west of the world like intersection on the way of east and west. Iran country is among five superior world countries for ecological and biological variety and is located among ten superior world countries from the view point of historical and cultural. In other words, our country is among ten superior world countries from the view point of tourism attractions.
Having many limpid springs, Pomegranate trees, pistachio gardens, Tabriz trees rows, tribes caravans migration in various seasons of full stars night, rocks (cliffs),mountains, ups and downs, extinct volcanos and covered with snow, thick forests, Alborz mountains range and Caspian Seacoasts are including worth seeing views and unforgettable of Iran nature that leave an unique memory in tourists minds.
Iran plain and desert face is variable in different times, a time full of sand and stone, a time full of flood water and a time covered with snow and mud and full of flower and plant and grass. Significant characteristics of Iran territory are being mountains range extended to sky height, plain, savannas, salt desert areas, various rivers and lakes that are important from the view point of tourism that caused (that)one of four seasons can be seen in rich time of a year in each corner of it, in a manner that in winter ,water sports such as swimming and ski on the water in calm and nice south sea and at the same time, winter sports such as ski and mountain climbing in the north and west mountains of the country can be engaged. And contemporary pleasant weather in many cities in Caspian Seacoasts can be used.
Caspian Seacoasts have been located among Caspian Sea and Alborz mountains range that are covered with thick and beautiful forests. Persian Gulf coasts that part of it has been formed sandy and marshy borders, are not as monotony as northern coasts. Southern provinces of Iran that form part of wide Mesopotamia plain are very smooth and flat and have been located in a little height from sea level, if one tourist engages in excursion among western or northern mountains of Iran, he will find towns, villages, gardens and very beautiful meadow that will provoke his wonder.
Other significant characteristics of Iran territory are numerous height of Iran plateau from sea level and locating more lands in the height over 1000 meter. Huge and high Alborz mountains range from north and Zagros Mountains from west and mountains range that extended from Mashhad to Baluchistan, have surrounded Iran territory from east.