One of the greatest ancient Iranian celebrations of Nowruz. Every year, Iranians celebrate the New Year and the Nowruz. Nowruz celebration are different in Iran, and some Iranians have special customs for holding this celebration. Nowruz is considered the beginning of the year in Iran and Afghanistan, and is official holidays. In some other countries. Nowruz is a composite word made up of the combination of the two words” now (new) and” ruz”(day).This word is used in two different meanings.
While the Nowruz Eve celebrations are held on a special day, and all people attend a public holiday, the native ceremonies of the Nowruz Eve in every region of Iran have their own customs that have been still in existence for many years since the emergence of Nowruz it remains. This celebration is one of the oldest Iranian celebrations that researcher did not recognize it as Indo-Iranian, but probably is attributed to indigenous natives of Iran Najd before immigration and Aryan. Mehregan and Nowruz celebrations were also transferred through Sumer to Mesopotamia, where two celebration’s (Sacred Marriages) and (Akito) were created, later in Mesopotamia, both celebrations were held at the beginning of the New Year. But these event continues to be two independent in Iran’s Najd, until the Islamic era. Therefore, three celebrations of Nowruz, Mehregan and Sade are more among the Iranian national festivals, religious celebrations than religious ones.
Shortly before Nowruz, iranian people sweep their houses and sweep away dust from their homes, and this cleanliness of the house is a symbol of the cleanliness of the heart of people and their approach to one another.
The Iranians regard eggs as a symbol of abundance and they appreciate it by coloring and decorating it and by placing colored eggs on the Haft Seen table, this reminds this appreciating the guests.
The establishment of Haft seen at home is one of the oldest Iranian traditions. a colorful tablecloth including jujube, Samanou, Coins, Garlic, sumac, sabzeh, Vinegar; as well as Mirror and Qur’an , Hafez book and Apples, and aloe and candles. In fact, Haft Seen is where the people gathered around and happily each other’s and maybe someone will find take omens of Hafez after giving and receiving gifts.
Gathering and talking with together is another old-fashioned Iranian tradition; the younger people go to the elderly and take Eidi(gift) to increase their blessings, and the elders go to youngers to responding their kindness and eat sweets.
Iranians on April 12 (12th of April) each year provide travel services to go to nature on the thirteenth day of nowruz (April 2) to throw portent away. Because they consider this Day as portentous and despicable. Iranian girls knotted grass on the evening to marraging. They throw their Sabzeh in the water or leave it in nature.